Plant a tree today!
With the sudden rise of temperature in Karachi (and further high temperatures forecasted) let us talk about the importance of giving back to the environment that we live in. Pakistan is one of the most significantly impacted by global warming being so near to the equator and among 10 countries affected most by climate change.
Pakistan is in a geographic location where average temperatures are predicted to rise faster than elsewhere, increasing 7.2 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius) by the year 2100, according to a 2012 World Wildlife Fund report. In June 2015, more than 1,200 people died from the heat nationwide and 65,000 were treated for heat illnesses, the Provincial Disaster Management Authority for the Karachi region reported. And the situation will not improve unless we start taking action and holding ourselves accountable. Let us look at some of the problems Pakistan is facing due to global warming:-
- Depleting water supplies
Depleting water supplies are another problem in a country where 60 percent of the land receives less than 10 inches of rain per year. Rivers are mainly fed by the Hindu Kush-Karakoram Himalayan glaciers, which are melting rapidly due to global warming. Although Pakistan itself contributes very little to the overall emissions of the greenhouse gases, yet it remains one of the most severely hit countries of the world by the process of global warming which has affected the climate of Pakistan in the form of melting of glaciers, recurrent flooding, and droughts.
- Repetitive floods
Pakistan’s economy has been crippled heavily by devastating and repetitive floods during the last decade. In the past 10 years, Pakistan has been hit by floods almost every year. The flood of 2010 remains as one of the biggest tragedies in the world’s history with 20 million people affected and many more rendered homeless. The floods resulted in approximately 1,781 deaths, injured 2,966 people and destroyed more than 1.89 million homes. Although nowhere near the 2010 flood, the 2011 flood also wreaked havoc, and affected 5.3 million people and 1.2 million homes in Sindh, as well as inundating 1.7 million acres of arable land.
- Severe droughts
Climate change also resulted in severe droughts throughout the country. A drought is a period of abnormally dry weather due to lack of rainfall. The chief characteristic of a drought is a decrease in water availability in a particular period and over a particular area. Pakistan’s economy has been punched heavily by the continuous spell of droughts for many years, particularly in the provinces of Balochistan and Sindh. The droughts in these areas have reduced the river flows, resulting in drying up of the irrigation canals, leading to a severe agricultural deprivation. It has also been responsible for causing immense losses to poultry and other animals, causing a general deficiency of food and water for people. The increased temperatures because of the increased greenhouse gases as well as a mismanagement of the water reservoirs need to be blamed for the condition.
- The rise in mean temperature
As an ill effect of global warming, the annual mean surface temperatures in Pakistan have been steadily increasing during the past century. A rise in mean temperature of 0.6-10c in the coastal areas along with a 0.5 to 0.7% increase in solar radiation over the southern half of the country has been observed. In central Pakistan, a 3-5% decrease in cloud cover with increasing hours of sunshine has also been responsible for increasing the temperatures.
Pakistan, which is an already resource stressed country, has been crippled by the process of global warming, as the blatant floods and droughts continue to wreck the country’s economy. More than 10 million people have been displaced over the last two years, the agricultural land lies barren and financial losses have been estimated at $2 billion. Whether you plant trees around your home and property, in your community, or in our national forests, they help fight climate change. Through the natural process of photosynthesis, trees absorb CO2 and other pollutant particulates, then store the carbon and emit pure oxygen. Therefore, it is fundamental that we realize the importance of sustainable business and invest our energy for the conservation of the planet.
We hope you enjoyed reading this informative post! We do hope this encouraged you to plant a tree in order to prevent further damage from global warming and to encourage lower temperatures in Karachi. Do remember to take preventive measures in order to protect yourself from the heat.
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